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Note N85 :

Individuals : Tenckinck W. J.
Brum was neither married, nor had any children.
ONT

 

Note N86 :

Individuals : Tenckinck Egberta
Egberta was 21 when she married Cornelius. It was her first marriage. She later married Bert Baker when she was 35. The witnesses at the second marriage were Dana Kik and Lewis J. Donovan of Grand Rapids. The witnesses at the first marriage were Johannus Folkersma and Jan Vander Veen of Grand Rapids.

 

Note N87 :

Individuals : Tenckinek Lamyna
Minnie was 25 when she married. It was the first time. The witnesses at the marriage were George Schievink of Newaygo, MI and Vera M. Webster of Grand Rapids. The source is Marriage Certificate Book 16/Page 179 of Kent County Clerk's Office.

 

Note N88 :

Individuals : Wynn Willie
Probably born in New York since his unwed mother was a Vaudeville star there. May have been named after her brother since he was nicknamed Willie.

 

Note N89 :

Individuals : Eardley Mary
Mary had no children with either of her husbands. Mary lived in Olds Manor Nursing Home, Grand Rapids, Kent Co., MI at the same time that Leola Horton-Eardley lived there. On day in the early 1970's Mary committed suicide by jumping into the Grand River nearby.

 

Note N90 :
Brett and Lisa were married in the First Congregational Church, Rockford, Kent, MI.

 

Note N91 :
Joanna and Jeff were married at the First Congregational Church, Rockford, Kent, MI.

 

Note N92 :
November 8, 2005--Letter from Charlotte's daughter Barbara says "Mom and Chet are happy and taking one day at a time (Chet is 88 and Mom is 85). Chet is Mom's old high school boyfriend who visited many times after Dad died and then they decided he should move to Virginia. It's almost like a Cinderella story with them getting back together after about 60 years of not seeing each other."

 

Note N93 :

Individuals : Harms Linda Ann (7)
Tom and Linda did not have any children.

 

Note N94 :
In a letter of November 1993, Barbara states that she believes that "somewhere on my mother's side we have Indian ancestors, I think Mom is 1/16 Indian--a distant relative was a French trapper and married an Indian woman."
CONC n Indian woman."
In a letter of November 8, 2005, Barbara writes "Bob and I are fine. I've been at my company 31 years and have been through three mergers and three management teams (each time we remained the parent). Bob is planning to retire in January and we're thinking of moving to our house in Florida next year. Bob would work part-time and enjoy the pool while I would still work full-time--but we both love Florida and have wanted to move there since shortly after Lin and Tom moved."

 

Note N95 :
November 8, 2005--letter from Michele's sister Barbara says "Michele and Candy are still in Parsippany. Michele has been teaching high school for many years now and loves it. She is going for her masters in education. Nick (oldest) will be graduating college next year, Chris (middle) is in his second year of college, and Melissa will be graduating high school next summer and is visiting colleges now."

 

Note N96 :
November 8, 2005--letter from Barbara Lozowski, Laura's aunt says "Laura and Larry are living in Clifton, their oldest son (Mike) is in his second year of college, the middle child (Spenser) is in his first year of college and their daughter (Liana) is turning 14 Christmas Eve--it's hard to believe they are growing up so fast."

 

Note N97 :
November 8, 2005--a letter from Barbara Lozowski, Tom's sister-in-law says "Tom is doing well--very involved in the Wellington, FL art society with his photography. He has had a girlfriend for about two years--they get along beautifully, see each other 2-3 times a week, but like their independence and will not marry."

 

Note N98 :
Chip legally changed his name, when he was a teenager, from Charles Paulson(his given name) to Larry Christopher Harms, after his grandfather. Larry graduated from Glassboro State College in 1988 with a B.A. in communicatons and advertising. As of March 2006, Larry was working as an advertising consultant as well as maintaining his own business developing websites.
n busines
According to an email that Lorenz wrote to Roberta Harms-Horton, he was born Charles Abby Paulson, Jr. and changed his name three times: Larry Joseph Lozoski, 1973; Larry Christopher Harms, 1988; and Lorenz Christopher Harms, 2007.

 

Note N99 :

Individuals : Pelletier Liana (31)
Liana was buried so many months later because the ground was frozen. She had no middle name according to her daughter Charlotte.

 

Note N100 :

Individuals : Chamberlain Marie Laurette
Millie and Jack were divorced September 1971. Millie was buried several months after he death because burials aren't done between Thanksgiving and Easter due to the frozen ground.
rozen ground.

 

Note N101 :
November 8, 2005--a letter from Barbara, Marilyn's cousin says "Marilyn lives in Tennessee and is still a truck driver. One of her sons married and she is now a grandmother!"

 

Note N102 :
Letter from Karen Ann Harms-Booth in 1993:
"Roger and I met in September, 1969, at Montclair State College, Upper Montclair, NJ. He was completing his bachelor's degree and I was taking a few classes to see if I wanted to attend college full-time. Roger worked for New Jersey Bell for 20 years, the last ten years in management. He retired in June 1991, on a disability pension. Roger spent four years in the Navy, traveling the world and spent fifteen months in Vietnam. He also lived in Australia for close to a year after discharge from the service. I spent twelve years in banking, four-and-a-half years at a stock brokerage firm and the past one-and-a-half years(written in 1993) at a real estate appraisal firm. In between I spent about three years working part-time at a major department store."
etween I spe
Karen and Roger didn't have any children. Charlotte Chamberlain-Harms said that Roger suffered from the the effects of Agent Orange from the Vietnam War for the rest of his life.
suffered from the the effects of Agent Orange from t
November 8, 2005--in a letter from Karen's cousin Barbara, Barbara says "Karen is still in Sarasota, Fl and working full-time. She finds it very lonely without Roger and the adjustment is going slowly."
i
Roger and Karen were married in Sacred Heart Church, Lyndhurst, Bergen, NJ.

 

Note N103 :

Individuals : Booth Roger John Patrick
Letter from Karen Ann Harms-Booth in 1993:
"Roger and I met in September of 1969 at Montclair StateCollege, Upper Montcalm, NJ. Roger was completing his bachelor's degree and I was taking a few classes to see if I wanted to attend college full-time.
Roger spent 20 years at NJ Bell, the last 10 years in management. He retired in June 1991 on a disability pension.
Roger spent 4 years in the Navy, travelling the world and spent 15 months in Vietnam. He also lived in Australia for close to one year after being discharged from the service.
I spent 12 years in banking, 4 1/2 years at a stock brokerage firm, and the past 1 1/2 years at a real estate appraisal firm. In between I spent about 3 years working part=time at a major department store."
NC n I spent about 3 years working part=time at a major department store.
Roger and Karen had no children. Charlotte Chamberlain-Harms said that Roger came home from the Vietnam War suffering from the effects of Agent Orange which affected him for the rest of his life.

 

Note N104 :

Individuals : Harms Heinrich Johann August (56)
Heinrich's birth and christening dates come from a copy of the church register for St. Johannis Church, Altona, Germany (a suburb of Hamburg), page 177, "Lfc. Nr.: 534" (?entry #) provided by Evangelisches Zentrum Rissen (Evangelistic Center of Rissen--a suburb of Hamburg). This is also the source for the full names of Peter and wife Marie (spelling on Heinrich's birth record). Witnesses to the christening were: 1) Auguste Gehle, 2) Claus Harms, and 3) Heinrich Giegeling. The christening occured on the same date and at the same place as the wedding of Peter and Maria (spelling on marriage record). The Pastor wrote a notation on the christening record that says "vor der Copul. geb. Sohn," "son born prior to wedding." Heinrich Johann was born out of wedlock. The baptismal record also shows that his father and mother gave the same address because they were living together. His illegimate birth is better understood with an explanation of the common wedding practices of the time. Illegitimate births did have a stigma attached to them. However, there were several hurdles to matrimony, especially for day laborers, like Peter.
ve a stigma attached to t
Since Altona was a suburb of Hamburg and did not have stringent requirements for citizenship like the City of Hamburg, perhaps Altona's rules and regulations regarding marriage were not as strict. Whether or not, it is interesting to notehow difficult the process was in the city of Hamburg. A man who wanted to get married needed to be a citizen of Hamburg or at least needed to obtain a permit from the Wedde-Master, the civil authority, and be sanctioned by the church. There was a considerable fee to be paid for this permit. The groom needed to prove an income sufficient for the care of his family. The bride and groom had to produce a number of papers such as vaccination against small pocks, military duty, proof of residence, christening papers, proof that banns were posted, etc. Since the average worker could not afford the fee, many men and women lived together, resulting in many children born out of wedlock, especially those from the lower classes.
1 CONC , proof that banns were posted, etc. Since the average worker could n
Young Henry emigrated to New York City from Hamburg with his father, Peter Hinrich Harms. Henry was just short of age 5. For details of their emigration and immigration, see Bobbe Horton's chapter in the Harms Family History she is writing.
r, P
Henry and Catharine were married at 493 Tenth Ave., New York, New York, NY, according to their marriage certificate. Check if that was Catherine and her parents' residence. If not, maybe that was Henry's residence and a clue to Henry's father's residence and identification in the census.
according to their marriage certificate. Check if that was Cath
From the 1900 Federal Census information on the ages and birthplaces of his sons, it can be deduced that the family moved from New York City to Rutherford sometime in 1892 or 1893.
ONT From the 1900 Federal Census information on the ages and birthplaces o
Henry John Harms died of a cerebral hemorrhage at age 66 according to his death certificate, the source of his date of death. The 1880 Census says that he was born in New York, New York and not Germany, but this isn't true.
certificate, the source of his date of death. The 1880 Ce
First Wife, Marie Gehle
rn in New York, New York and not Germany, bu
Marie(Maria or Mary) Gehle was first found on her son Henry John's marriage certificate. Ann Yeoman thought that Marie died in Germany and that Peter Henry Harms, her husband came to America after her death. P. Henry arrived in New York on July 2, 1873, with 5-year-old son, Heinrich, but he may have come over earlier in 1873 (after Mary died in Feb) to look for a wife and mother for Henry. She did not die giving birth to either of her sons, who were born in prior years.
ook for a wife and mother for Henry. She did not die gi
According to the church marriage registry for St. Johannis Evangelical Lutheran Church in Hamburg, Germany, her name was Maria, but her son Heinrich's birth registry for St. Johannis lists her as Marie. The marriage registry says that she was 24 years old; born in the town of Lassroenne, Kreis Winsen; her father was the late Christian Valentin Gehle, a tax guard; her mother was Juliane Friederike Schuetze (maiden name, Schuetze means marksman).
ian Valenti
Lassroenne is on the northern border of Hannover, very close to the Elbe River and Mecklenberg, and just southwest of Hamburg.
NT Lassroenne is on the northern border of Hannover, very close to the El
On her son Hinrich's St. Johannis Church birth and baptismal registry, one of the witnesses was Auguste Gehle. This was Marie's twin sister Auguste Marie Antoinette Gehle, and probably the person for whom Hinrich Johann August Harms received one of his middle names. The other middle name of "Johann" was probably after Peter's father who was Johann. "Hinrich", spelled differently than Peter's middle name may have been given because Hinrich's godfather's first name was Hinrich, as well as Heinrich being Peter's middle name.
hav
The following documents were required and produced in order to register Louise's death:
1. Christening paper from parish Winsen on Luhe River, year 1843;
2. Certificate of residence (home rights) of the husband, from the Hannover Department of Neuhaus on Oste River, dated 14 March 1866;
3. Wedding paper of the Northern parish in Altona, year 1868.
Copies of #1 & #3 can be found in the Harms notebook.
haus on Oste River, dated 14 March 1866;
Maria's death record states that she was 29 year old, died on 15 Feb 1873, lived at Jaegerstrasse 12 in St. Pauli, and was buried on 17 Feb 1873.
s death record states that she was 29 year old, died on 15 Feb 1

 

Note N105 :

Individuals : Ulrich Catharine Anna (57)
Anna was married to Henry John Harms by Pastor George Haas at No. 493 Tenth Ave., N.Y.C.. The witnesses were Lizzie Ulrich and Theodore P. Prockert. Source of information on the marriage is the Marriage Certificate.
Cert
The baptismal record of Anna Catharina Ulrich states that the baptism took place May 30, 1869, but that Anna was born 22 Mar 1869. Anna Catharina Krell, Sophie's sister was the Godmother. Anna Catharina Ulrich was her name, but she was called "Katie" and later changed her name to Katherine Anne.
atie" and later changed her na
Katie was confirmed 1 April 1883, at St. Mark's Lutheran Church of New York according to her confirmation certificate.
ork according to her confirmation certificate.
Kay Yeomans says that Katherine is buried in George Washington Cemetery, Paramus, N.J. where Lil Parsons is also buried.
is also buried.

 

Note N106 :

Individuals : Harms Lorenz Henry Harms' Unnamed Twin Brother
He was stillborn.

 

Note N107 :

Individuals : Harms John "Jack" Potterton
Possibility that John & Violet were married April 27, 1929, according to Anne Yoemans. Anne also says that John and Virginia were married on December 20, 1947.
ber 20, 1947.

 

Note N108 :

Individuals : Harms Henry John
Harry Harms died at age 79. He was cremated and his ashes were spread at sea in Florida. He was in the 1st Battalion, 57the Artillery, Coast Artillery Corps in WWI, which fought in France.
ht in France.

 

Note N109 :

Individuals : Harms Elizabeth Sophia
According to Kay Yeomans, Lil is buried in George Washington Cemetery, Paramus, N.J.. Lil was the only child of Henry John Harms and Catherine Ulrich who didn't have any children.
any children.

 

Note N110 :
Anne Yoemans says Audrey's birthdate is 1930.
ONT

 

Note N111 :
Anne Yoemans says that Lois' birthdate is 1932 and that her husband is Moser and not Maser.

 

Note N112 :
The address for St. Patrick's Cathedral is 5th Ave. & 50th St., N.Y.City.
ty.

 

Note N113 :

Individuals : Chapoutot Marion Mildred
Aunt Marion never liked her name because it reminded her of the word "onion" because of the way it was spelled. Everyone remembered her as floating better than anyone else. She had one of the first heart valve replacements in the 1960's and still had it when she died in 1993(they aren't supposed to last nearly that long, according to Jamie Harms, M.D.).
ccording to Jamie Harm

 

Note N114 :

Individuals : Harms Richard Harry
Richard was Phi Beta Kappa. He graduated from Rutgers, then attended Harvard Law School, but didn't graduate because he left to join the Army Air Corps. He was a 2nd Lieutenant. Richard was killed when the engine of his P47 blew up, and he is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Richard Curtis Harms, son of Robert Harms, is named after him.
bert Harms, is named after hi

 

Note N115 :

Individuals : Harms Kenneth Gilbert
Kenneth served in the Air Force and was stationed at Wright-Patterson AFB in Dayton, Ohio after college. He graduated with a BS degree in chemical engineering from MIT. His Godmother is Anna Victoria Harms-Yeomans. Forest Baptist Church is where he was married. Kenneth actually died on April 7, but the hospice nurse, who certified his death, did not arrive until after midnight, so the death certificate says the 8th.
, so the death certificate says t

 

Note N116 :
Leslie and Mark were married in the First Baptist Church.

 

Note N117 :
Birthdate may be October 21, 1938
ONT

 

Note N118 :

Individuals : Wolff Charles M. (58)
Regarding Charles' name, a professional Hamburg German researcher, Andrea Bentschneider, wrote me the following: "The German version of Charles is Carl, sometime spelled Karl. If someone is called Charles in a German record, it is safe to asume that he is a foreigner."
at he is a foreigner."
On March 14, 2013, Charlotte Chamberlain-Harms, then age 93 and "sharper than a tack," described Charles as "a large man, at least 6'5" with large features like his hands and feet." She went on to say that Charles' daughter told her the following information: "He worked in a salt mine in Germany. He was an imposing figure whose sheer height and mamouth hands and fingers caused lots of whispering _____(tell ring story from Bessie). Charles settled on Staten Island. He was a farmer and later owned an inn that served stew and soup and beer. After that, he was the proprietor of Tompkinsvillde Bowling Club, 58 Bay, Staten Island, New York, found on the enumeration of
llde Bowling Club, 58 Bay
Daughter Bessie enjoyed her father's yarns and interaction with his customers. Charles was never without a pouch of diamonds which he proudly displayed for his customers of the Old Mill. Having studied my ggrandfather for several years, including his occupations besides restaurant owner, it is safe to surmise that he was not a wealthy man. Therefore, I have deduced that the "diamonds" were, instead, pieces of salt from a mine in Germany. He probably employed them as a conversation starter and a tale of interest. It didn't hurt that those who viewed the "diamonds" elevated Charles' status in their minds. This conclusion also explains the blatant disregard for potential thieves in his audience, when he bragged about and exposed his treasure. He could have even had them stolen for exercizing such poor judgment. Then what? Well, I guess the" stones" would be lost, but his tale could be expanded, and Charles could feign overwhelming grief at their loss. Storytellers, like Charles, were popular, but his imposing build commanded attention in any room. Everyone knew Charles in Greenidge, Statan Island, especially the Sheriff and his deputies (no hidden meaning)..
ike Charles, were popular, but his imposing build co
According to the New YorkTimes, Staten Island section, Thursday, 26 July 1883; p __ column __ image 8], Staten Island Deputy Sheriff challenged Charles Wolff to a race. The article reads:
o the New YorkTimes, Staten Island section, Thursday, 26 Ju
STATEN ISLAND
column __ image 8], Staten Island Deputy Sheriff challe
John J. Vaughn, Deputy Sheriff of Rich-
mond County and Superintendent of the Poor of
the town of Westfield, has challenged Charles
Wolff of Green Ridge, Staten Island, to race 200
yards for a purse of $25 and the championship of
Staten Island.
n Ridge, Staten Island, to race 200
There doesn't appear to be a follow-up newspaper comment revealing the winner..
1 CONT There doesn't appear to be a follow-up newspaper comment revealing th
In another article in the New York Times, Staten Island section, [date, page, column, image #, etc.], Charles Wolff, owner of the Old Mill Inn, challenged the Deputy Sheriff of Staten Island to a race with the spoils being donated to the poor. The article reads: ___________.
onated to the poor. The article reads: ___________.
Charles was married three times according to his marriage certificate to Emma, his third wife. Probably his first marriage was to Mollie Taylor on 13 June 1875. As of June 2018, no documents have been found to corroborate the date on the engraved cufflink box in the possession of Charlotte Chamberlain Harms and Barbara Harms Lozowski as a wedding date. However, the engraving, done in 1875 is typical of a gift from the bride to the groom on their wedding dat. The sterling silver box is engraved "Mollie ( name variations are Mary, Marie) Taylor to Charles Wolff,13th June 1875". Mollie could have been her given name, but it could also have been derived from names such as Mary, Marie, Margaret or others. [Because no photo of Charles has been found to date, the top of the box is featured as Charles' profile photo on FTM.]
Charles has been found t
Charles' second marriage is as muddy as his first. An entry for the 1880 census lists Charles as ____ Charles' tied the knot again when he married Mary Anderson, ___1880, in ?New York City.
ts Charles as ____ Charles' tied the knot again when h
His third and last marriage, and the one that influenced our family tree, occurred ___ 1886 in New York City at St. John Lutheran Church
tr
According to daughter Bessie's birth register of (date), her father, Charles Wolff was 52 years old, a merchant, and born in Germany. This is my first reference to his age, but the second or third to being born in Germany. From this information it can be deduced that Charles was born bertween May 20 1835 and December 31,1834 or 1835. From Mary Emma's birth record, another daughter, Charles was 50 years old on the day that Mary Emma was born, Feb 5, 1886. I makes it likely that he would have a birthday to come in 1886 (with11 months remaining of the year) and would turn 51 later in the year 1886. That would make his birth year 1835, and sometime after Feb. 5. Pure speculation, but more likely born in 1835 because it would still fit with the information on Florence Bessie's birth certificate as well as Mary Emma's. 1834 is still a possibility.
ONC ut more likely born in 1835 because it would still fit with the inform
Charles and Emma's infant daughter Mary Emma was buried in Woodrow Cemetery (handwriting is very clear), Richmond County, NY. Charles' D.C. says that he was buried in Woodland Cemetery. They are two different cemeteries on Staten Island.
chmond County, NY. Charles' D.C
A researcher at the New York Public Library wrote Roberta Horton "Enclosed is the page with the death notice for Charles Wolff from page 7 of the December 26, 1897, issue of The World. We searched the December 24, 25, and 26 issues of the following New York City newspapers: Post, Herald, Tribune, Sun, and World. The Telegram did not run obituaries or death notices at that time." Charles' obituary relates the following: "Wolff--On Dec. 23, 1897, CHARLES WOLFF, aged 63 years. Funeral from his late residence, 241 West 26th St., Monday, Dec. 27, at 1 P. M."
obituary relates the fo
In a previous letter from the another researcher, Richard Foster, he listed all of the New York City German-language newspapers, available at the New York Public Library, that he had searched for a death notice or obituary for Charles, with no luck. So much for his talent. This research incident also points to the possibility that hiring a different researcher could bear more fruit.
ched for a death notic
RESEARCH LOG
for Charles, with no luck. So much for his talent. Thi
DATE SOURCE REQUEST RESULTS 10/14/94 N.Y. City Dept of Records & Bessie Wolff's Charles's name,
Info Services, Municipal B.C. age, occupation
Archives, 31 Chambers St.
(212) 566-5292
ords & Bessie Wolff's Charles's name,

 

Note N119 :

Individuals : Wolff Josephine Anderson
Josephine was married, but did not have children.
ONT
According to the 1910 Federal Census, Josephine was the youngest of the three daughters. She was boarding at 258 Carroll St., Brooklyn, with her mother and stepfather, Peter V. Strom and at age 19 was not employed. With conviction, Charlotte Chamberlain-Harms told Roberta C. Harms-Horton that Josephine took care of her half-sister, Edna Strom-Goodall, even putting her through college. Edna received her degree in teaching. (Charlotte provided this information in March 2013, at age 93. At that time she was "sharper than a tack.")
age 93

 

Note N121 :

Individuals : Winke Carl Reinhold Julius
I ran across a book called Death in Hamburg by Richard Evans. It is a study of the great cholera epidemic of 1892, in Hamburg, where 10,000 residents died in six weeks, while most of Europe was left unscathed. Carl Reinhold Julius Winke died 28 Feb 1892 in Hamburg. Although the epidemic was in the spring ( so Julius probably wasn't a victim of cholera), I am asking my Hamburg researcher, Andrea Bentschneider to see if she can find the cause of his death through St. Michaels, his church, which is also Andrea's church. The cause of death may be recorded in the church books.
. The cause of death may b
From the civil death records. Julius:
was 45 years, 19 days old;
a Lutheran;
resided in an apartment in Hamburg at Zueghausmarkt 27 II;
born in Goldberg, Province of Silesia;
son of the mason, Johann Friedrich Conrad Winke, deceased and Johann's wife, Johanne Juliane nee Tillner, still residing in Hamburg;
Jilius died 28 February 1892 at 8:00 p.m.
er, still residing in Hamburg;
Julius and Helene's religious marriage ceremony took place at St. Michaelis Evangelische Kirch, Hamburg, Germany. Pastor Ritter performed the marriage. Julius was a mason at the time. Both Julius and Helene resided in Hamburg at the time.
mason at the time. Both Julius and Helen
Their civil marriage record is on 30 August 1877. The civil marriage record was the necessary one, at that time, in German society. A religious ceremony wasn't even necessary. Only new information from the civil marriage record is a new residence for Julius, Kuhberg 11, in Hamburg. My researcher, Andrea, said that the record was of poor quality. Because I have a readable civil copy, she didn't try to translate it.
poor qu
Andrea said that she sent me a map of Altona and Hamburg and that she identified the streets of my ancestors when she could. I haven't located that map, but am still looking.
ONC e identified the streets of my ancestors when she could. I haven't lo

 

Note N122 :

Individuals : Meyer Johanna Wilhelmine Helene
Helene's Godparents on her christening record were:
1. Jacob Olthuven
2. Wilhelmine Meyer (sister of the mother?; not the grandmother)
3. Helene Cordes (sister of the father?; not the grandmother)
The pastor was Kunhardt. Other details of her chirstening record have been posted here and as "facts" in Family Tree Maker.
n Family Tree Maker.
Since Johann Wilhelmine Helene Meyer's call name was Helene and her brother's call name was Andreas, and her youngest daughter's call name was Minnie it is logical to assume that the third vornamen was the call name for each of her other three children, as well. That is not universally true in Germany. It seems to vary even in the same region.
It seems to vary even in the same region.
When her husband Julius died, Helene and their four children were living in an apartment at Zeughausmarkt 27 II, Hamburg, Germany, according to Julius' death record.
to Julius' death record.
New information about Helene, from her civil marriage registration is that she lived at Beim Dovenfleet 7, in Hamburg, and was a seamstress at the time of her marriage. The witnesses to the wedding were: Helene's father, Heinrich Friedrich Dietrich Meyer, a resident of Hamburg, living at Beim Dovenfleet Hof 8,9; and tax visor Heinrich Louis Rudolph Mertz, 31 years old, residing in Hamburg at Neustaedter Neustrasse 70.
d, residing in Hamburg at Neustaedter Neustrass
Helene and Julius had both a civil and a church wedding. (The copy of the church wedding record is the source for the date of the civil wedding so it is used as the media for the civil wedding. There is no copy of the civil wedding record because the church one has the most information.) The civil marriage was the legal marriage. After the defeat of Napoleon, the record keeping of the populace was retained by the civil authorities. Thereafter, no religious ceremonies could be performed without a document from the civil authorities. No religious ceremony was required to legalize the event. The document issued by the civil authorities was the legal proof. Religiously sanctioned marriages could take place any time after the civil license was issued. The church wedding over a year later was a marriage in the "eyes" of the church only. It is not known why Helene and Julius waited so long to have the church ceremony, but the usual reason for postponing an event was the lack of funds.
Helene and Julius waited so long t
As regards Helene's emigration to America, the emigration media includes both the Hamburg passenger list (from the Port of Hamburg), which is written in German, and the New York passenger list (port of arrival) which is written in English. The list of passengers both before and after Helene's name is for making a possible connection to one or more of these passengers during the course of researching Helene's life in Germany and America. There were 1106 passengers, including Helene, aboard the Normannia as she departed Hamburg. Additional details about the ship are found in the emigration media.
nd America. There were 1106 passengers, including Helen
The emigration media also includes statistics
g. Additional details a

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